Here are the key findings:
- Immigrants in small metro areas are more likely to live in overcrowded conditions, something that declines but does not go away with time spent in the United States. This is due in part to larger families and multiple generations living in the same household.
- The homeownership gap between immigrants and U.S.-born residents is larger in smaller metropolitan areas than in traditional gateway cities. This homeownership gap exists even with increased length of time in the U.S.
- Immigrants experience better housing outcomes when there are larger, established networks of immigrant households in the area. The findings from this study suggest that immigrant networks increase the likelihood of homeownership for new immigrants in smaller metropolitan areas.